[Solved] HBase Error: ERROR: org.apache.hadoop.hbase.PleaseHoldException: Master is initializing

Error reporting

After installing and entering HBase for the first time, you will encounter this problem:

[[email protected] /]# hbase shell
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hdfs/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hbase/lib/client-facing-thirdparty/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory]
HBase Shell
Use "help" to get list of supported commands.
Use "exit" to quit this interactive shell.
For Reference, please visit: http://hbase.apache.org/2.0/book.html#shell
Version 2.1.10, rUnknown, Mon Nov 23 09:56:35 WIB 2020
Took 0.0036 seconds
hbase(main):001:0> list_namespace
NAMESPACE

ERROR: org.apache.hadoop.hbase.PleaseHoldException: Master is initializing
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMaster.checkInitialized(HMaster.java:3003)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMaster.getNamespaces(HMaster.java:3299)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.MasterRpcServices.listNamespaceDescriptors(MasterRpcServices.java:1237)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.shaded.protobuf.generated.MasterProtos$MasterService$2.callBlockingMethod(MasterProtos.java)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.RpcServer.call(RpcServer.java:413)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.CallRunner.run(CallRunner.java:133)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.RpcExecutor$Handler.run(RpcExecutor.java:324)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ipc.RpcExecutor$Handler.run(RpcExecutor.java:304)

For usage try 'help "list_namespace"'

Took 9.8027 seconds

In this case, I can’t wait all the time. I waited for a while and didn’t initialize well…

Solution

Because it is a new cluster, there is no useful data. You can clear the metadata in the following way to reinitialize. Before clearing metadata, close HBase components in USDP’s Web UI.

Delete ZK’s metadata

Since part of the metadata of HBase is stored on zookeeper, so you should so this as below:

[[email protected] /]# zkCli.sh
Connecting to localhost:2181
2022-03-03 00:09:47,689 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:zookeeper.version=3.4.13-2d71af4dbe22557fda74f9a9b4309b15a7487f03, built on 06/29/2018 04:05 GMT
2022-03-03 00:09:47,693 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:host.name=zhiyong2
2022-03-03 00:09:47,693 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.version=1.8.0_202
2022-03-03 00:09:47,695 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.vendor=Oracle Corporation
2022-03-03 00:09:47,695 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.home=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_202/jre
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.class.path=/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../zookeeper-server/target/classes:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../build/classes:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../zookeeper-server/target/lib/*.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../build/lib/*.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/slf4j-api-1.7.25.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/netty-3.10.6.Final.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/log4j-1.2.17.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/jline-0.9.94.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../lib/audience-annotations-0.5.0.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../zookeeper-3.4.13.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../zookeeper-server/src/main/resources/lib/*.jar:/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/zookeeper/bin/../conf:.:/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_202/jre/lib/rt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_202/lib/dt.jar:/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_202/lib/tools.jar
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.library.path=/usr/java/packages/lib/amd64:/usr/lib64:/lib64:/lib:/usr/lib
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.io.tmpdir=/tmp
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:java.compiler=<NA>
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:os.name=Linux
2022-03-03 00:09:47,696 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:os.arch=amd64
2022-03-03 00:09:47,697 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:os.version=3.10.0-957.el7.x86_64
2022-03-03 00:09:47,697 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:user.name=root
2022-03-03 00:09:47,697 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:user.home=/root
2022-03-03 00:09:47,697 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Client environment:user.dir=/
2022-03-03 00:09:47,698 [myid:] - INFO  [main:[email protected]] - Initiating client connection, connectString=localhost:2181 sessionTimeout=30000 [email protected]
2022-03-03 00:09:47,721 [myid:] - INFO  [main-SendThread(localhost:2181):[email protected]] - Opening socket connection to server localhost/127.0.0.1:2181. Will not attempt to authenticate using SASL (unknown error)
Welcome to ZooKeeper!
JLine support is enabled
2022-03-03 00:09:47,808 [myid:] - INFO  [main-SendThread(localhost:2181):[email protected]] - Socket connection established to localhost/127.0.0.1:2181, initiating session
2022-03-03 00:09:47,817 [myid:] - INFO  [main-SendThread(localhost:2181):[email protected]] - Session establishment complete on server localhost/127.0.0.1:2181, sessionid = 0x1000009708f000e, negotiated timeout = 30000

WATCHER::

WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type:None path:null
[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0] ls /
[cluster, brokers, zookeeper, yarn-leader-election, hadoop-ha, admin, isr_change_notification, dolphinscheduler, log_dir_event_notification, controller_epoch, rmstore, consumers, latest_producer_id_block, config, hbase]
[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] rmr /hbase
[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 2] [[email protected] /]# ^C
[[email protected] /]# ^C
[[email protected] /]#

HDFS metadata deletion

Since part of HBase data is stored in HDFS, it is also necessary to delete the metadata stored in HDFS by HBase. Since USDP has Ranger and actually has users and permissions, you can’t use root to delete important data of HDFS. You must switch to Hadoop user first.

[[email protected] /]# hadoop fs -rmr /hbase/data/hbase/meta/*
rmr: DEPRECATED: Please use '-rm -r' instead.
rmr: Failed to move to trash: hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tabledesc: Permission denied: user=root, access=WRITE, inode="/hbase/data/hbase/meta":hadoop:supergroup:drwxr-xr-x
rmr: Failed to move to trash: hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tmp: Permission denied: user=root, access=WRITE, inode="/hbase/data/hbase/meta":hadoop:supergroup:drwxr-xr-x
rmr: Failed to move to trash: hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/1588230740: Permission denied: user=root, access=WRITE, inode="/hbase/data/hbase/meta":hadoop:supergroup:drwxr-xr-x
[[email protected] /]# cd /etc/passwd/
-bash: cd: /etc/passwd/: 不是目录
[[email protected] /]# cat /etc/passwd
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
bin:x:1:1:bin:/bin:/sbin/nologin
daemon:x:2:2:daemon:/sbin:/sbin/nologin
adm:x:3:4:adm:/var/adm:/sbin/nologin
lp:x:4:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/sbin/nologin
sync:x:5:0:sync:/sbin:/bin/sync
shutdown:x:6:0:shutdown:/sbin:/sbin/shutdown
halt:x:7:0:halt:/sbin:/sbin/halt
mail:x:8:12:mail:/var/spool/mail:/sbin/nologin
operator:x:11:0:operator:/root:/sbin/nologin
games:x:12:100:games:/usr/games:/sbin/nologin
ftp:x:14:50:FTP User:/var/ftp:/sbin/nologin
nobody:x:99:99:Nobody:/:/sbin/nologin
systemd-network:x:192:192:systemd Network Management:/:/sbin/nologin
dbus:x:81:81:System message bus:/:/sbin/nologin
polkitd:x:999:998:User for polkitd:/:/sbin/nologin
libstoragemgmt:x:998:997:daemon account for libstoragemgmt:/var/run/lsm:/sbin/nologin
abrt:x:173:173::/etc/abrt:/sbin/nologin
rpc:x:32:32:Rpcbind Daemon:/var/lib/rpcbind:/sbin/nologin
apache:x:48:48:Apache:/usr/share/httpd:/sbin/nologin
sshd:x:74:74:Privilege-separated SSH:/var/empty/sshd:/sbin/nologin
postfix:x:89:89::/var/spool/postfix:/sbin/nologin
ntp:x:38:38::/etc/ntp:/sbin/nologin
chrony:x:997:995::/var/lib/chrony:/sbin/nologin
tcpdump:x:72:72::/:/sbin/nologin
hadoop:x:1000:1000::/home/hadoop:/bin/bash
mysql:x:27:27:MySQL Server:/var/lib/mysql:/bin/false
saslauth:x:996:76:Saslauthd user:/run/saslauthd:/sbin/nologin
elastic:x:1001:1001::/home/elastic:/bin/bash
hue:x:1002:1002::/home/hue:/bin/bash
[[email protected] /]# su - hadoop
上一次登录:四 3月  3 00:24:33 CST 2022
[[email protected] ~]$ hadoop fs -rmr /hbase/data/hbase/meta/*
rmr: DEPRECATED: Please use '-rm -r' instead.
2022-03-03 00:27:31 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tabledesc' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tabledesc
2022-03-03 00:27:31 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tmp' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/meta/.tmp
2022-03-03 00:27:31 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/meta/1588230740' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/meta/1588230740
[[email protected] ~]$ hadoop fs -rmr /hbase/data/hbase/namespace/*
rmr: DEPRECATED: Please use '-rm -r' instead.
2022-03-03 00:27:34 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/.tabledesc' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/.tabledesc
2022-03-03 00:27:34 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/.tmp' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/.tmp
2022-03-03 00:27:34 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/98fb8a0448305b2f9af4f9a72495b6df' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/data/hbase/namespace/98fb8a0448305b2f9af4f9a72495b6df
[[email protected] ~]$ hadoop fs -rmr /hbase/MasterProcWALs/*
rmr: DEPRECATED: Please use '-rm -r' instead.
2022-03-03 00:27:38 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000009.log' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000009.log
2022-03-03 00:27:38 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000010.log' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000010.log
2022-03-03 00:27:38 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000011.log' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000011.log
2022-03-03 00:27:38 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000012.log' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000012.log
2022-03-03 00:27:38 INFO fs.TrashPolicyDefault: Moved: 'hdfs://zhiyong-1/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000013.log' to trash at: hdfs://zhiyong-1/user/hadoop/.Trash/Current/hbase/MasterProcWALs/pv2-00000000000000000013.log
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
登出
[[email protected] /]#

Restart HBase

Available after restart:

[[email protected] ~]$ hbase shell
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hdfs/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hbase/lib/client-facing-thirdparty/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory]
HBase Shell
Use "help" to get list of supported commands.
Use "exit" to quit this interactive shell.
For Reference, please visit: http://hbase.apache.org/2.0/book.html#shell
Version 2.1.10, rUnknown, Mon Nov 23 09:56:35 WIB 2020
Took 0.0045 seconds
hbase(main):001:0> list_namespace
list_namespace          list_namespace_tables
hbase(main):001:0> list_namespace
NAMESPACE
default
hbase
2 row(s)
Took 0.5645 seconds
hbase(main):002:0> exit
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
登出
[[email protected] /]# hbase shell
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hdfs/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/usdp-srv/srv/udp/2.0.0.0/hbase/lib/client-facing-thirdparty/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory]
HBase Shell
Use "help" to get list of supported commands.
Use "exit" to quit this interactive shell.
For Reference, please visit: http://hbase.apache.org/2.0/book.html#shell
Version 2.1.10, rUnknown, Mon Nov 23 09:56:35 WIB 2020
Took 0.0035 seconds
hbase(main):001:0> list_namespace
list_namespace          list_namespace_tables
hbase(main):001:0> list_namespace
NAMESPACE
default
hbase
2 row(s)
Took 0.6270 seconds
hbase(main):002:0> exit
[[email protected] /]#

At this time, both the root and the root of the HDFS can see whether the root of the HDFS has the highest permission on the HDFS component or not.

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