Tag Archives: error

[Solved] Error: error C2601: ‘b‘ : local function definitions are illegal error C2063: ‘b‘ : not a function

Scene:

In general, this problem may be that a "}" is missing
There is also a small probability that your C++standard library is C++98 or earlier, which does not support non built-in initialization list writing.


the Situation of Missing ‘}’

We can see that if our test1 method is short of one}, all subsequent functions will report errors. We need to check it carefully

Solution
Check for yourself that the first line of code near the line number that reports the error is missing a }.

C++ standard does not support
When your C++ standard is C++98, the initialization list of C++98 does not support the initialization list methods of non-built-in types. This can be seen in the following code

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
	int a[] = { 1, 2, 3 };

	int b[] {1, 2, 3};
	vector<int> v{1,5,5};
	map<int, float> m{{1, 2.f}, {2, 3.2f}};

	return 0;
}

编译结果:

Solution:
Then in this case your non-built-in type variables will have to be initialized using other methods

[Solved] fatal error C1189: #error: STL1003: Unexpected compiler, expected C++ compiler

Error Log:

screenshot

text version:

F:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\2022\Community\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.33.31629\include\yvals_core.h(23,1): fatal error C1189: #error: STL1003: Unexpected compiler, expected C++ compiler.
F:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\2022\Community\VC\Tools\MSVC\14.33.31629\include\yvals_core.h(23,1): fatal error C1189: #error: STL1003: Unexpected compiler, expected C++ compiler.

 

Error

Solution:
This problem is because the C++ header file is referenced in the C file. Just replace cmath with math.h.

[Solved] Error–dubbo Connect zk Error: zookeeper not connected

Error Message:

Error creating bean with name 'dubboBootstrapApplicationListener': Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: zookeeper not connected

 

Problem:
The project starts with the following error.
IllegalStateException: zookeeper not connected

Reason:
First of all, the default connection timeout for dubbo registration is 5 seconds.
And the zookeeper server I connected to was a little slow to access, which caused the connection to time out.

Solution:
Adjust the default registration time for dubbo to 200 seconds
The default registration timeout is 5 seconds
All others are 1 second
So I increased the timeout for other service calls as well.
If you only need to modify the registration timeout, just add or modify registry.

dubbo:
  registry:
    timeout: 200000
  service:
    timeout: 200000
  consumer: 
    timeout: 200000
  provider:
    timeout: 200000

[Solved] tsc execute error in VSCode Terminal

Premise: node and typescript are installed

Error: execute TSC xxx.ts in vscode, an error will be reported.

Solution: the execution mechanism of vscode is limited. Just change the execution mechanism

Exit vscode and run as administrator.
step 1:
execute get-ExecutionPolicy and return Restricted, which means it is restricted.
step 2:
execute  set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned
step 3:
execute get-ExecutionPolicy and return RemoteSigned

Perform the above steps and execute TSC xxx.ts again is OK

 

[Solved] dyld: Library not loaded: /System/Library/Frameworks/Network.framework/Network

Question:

Today’s test brought a low version of iPhone. I ran the project with it and reported the following errors
dyld: Library not loaded: /System/Library/Frameworks/Network.framework/Network
Referenced from: /var/containers/Bundle/Application/CD697C3E-135B-4A33-BA7B-D95D33E24070/巨折.app/巨折

Solution:

Follow the prompts and go to Build Phases -> Link Binary With Libraries and add Network.framework

After running it still reports the same error, then you need to go to Link Bnary With Libraries and set Network to Optional.

spark Program Error: ERROR01——java.lang.NullPointerException

Run Spark Program in idea and find that datafram can perform df.show() but just df.count() will display the following exception information:

2022-03-25 17:56:13,691 ERROR executor.Executor: Exception in task 14.0 in stage 7.0 (TID 222)
java.lang.NullPointerException
	at $line33.$read$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw.$anonfun$rdd01$1(<console>:26)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.next(Iterator.scala:461)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$11.nextCur(Iterator.scala:486)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$11.hasNext(Iterator.scala:492)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.hasNext(Iterator.scala:460)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.expressions.GeneratedClass$GeneratedIteratorForCodegenStage1.agg_doAggregateWithKeys_0$(Unknown Source)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.expressions.GeneratedClass$GeneratedIteratorForCodegenStage1.processNext(Unknown Source)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.execution.BufferedRowIterator.hasNext(BufferedRowIterator.java:43)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.execution.WholeStageCodegenExec$$anon$1.hasNext(WholeStageCodegenExec.scala:759)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.hasNext(Iterator.scala:460)
	at org.apache.spark.shuffle.sort.BypassMergeSortShuffleWriter.write(BypassMergeSortShuffleWriter.java:140)
	at org.apache.spark.shuffle.ShuffleWriteProcessor.write(ShuffleWriteProcessor.scala:59)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.ShuffleMapTask.runTask(ShuffleMapTask.scala:99)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.ShuffleMapTask.runTask(ShuffleMapTask.scala:52)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.Task.run(Task.scala:131)
	at org.apache.spark.executor.Executor$TaskRunner.$anonfun$run$3(Executor.scala:506)
	at org.apache.spark.util.Utils$.tryWithSafeFinally(Utils.scala:1462)
	at org.apache.spark.executor.Executor$TaskRunner.run(Executor.scala:509)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
2022-03-25 17:56:13,728 WARN scheduler.TaskSetManager: Lost task 14.0 in stage 7.0 (TID 222) (westgis-134 executor driver): java.lang.NullPointerException
	at $line33.$read$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw$$iw.$anonfun$rdd01$1(<console>:26)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.next(Iterator.scala:461)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$11.nextCur(Iterator.scala:486)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$11.hasNext(Iterator.scala:492)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.hasNext(Iterator.scala:460)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.expressions.GeneratedClass$GeneratedIteratorForCodegenStage1.agg_doAggregateWithKeys_0$(Unknown Source)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.expressions.GeneratedClass$GeneratedIteratorForCodegenStage1.processNext(Unknown Source)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.execution.BufferedRowIterator.hasNext(BufferedRowIterator.java:43)
	at org.apache.spark.sql.execution.WholeStageCodegenExec$$anon$1.hasNext(WholeStageCodegenExec.scala:759)
	at scala.collection.Iterator$$anon$10.hasNext(Iterator.scala:460)
	at org.apache.spark.shuffle.sort.BypassMergeSortShuffleWriter.write(BypassMergeSortShuffleWriter.java:140)
	at org.apache.spark.shuffle.ShuffleWriteProcessor.write(ShuffleWriteProcessor.scala:59)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.ShuffleMapTask.runTask(ShuffleMapTask.scala:99)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.ShuffleMapTask.runTask(ShuffleMapTask.scala:52)
	at org.apache.spark.scheduler.Task.run(Task.scala:131)
	at org.apache.spark.executor.Executor$TaskRunner.$anonfun$run$3(Executor.scala:506)
	at org.apache.spark.util.Utils$.tryWithSafeFinally(Utils.scala:1462)
	at org.apache.spark.executor.Executor$TaskRunner.run(Executor.scala:509)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

The reason for this error is that there is a null value in the dataframe attribute in the previous processing, using na.drop() is removed and the error is resolved.

df05=df05.select("direction","station_name","order_no","lat","lng").na.drop()

How to Solve Error-SpringCloud-Feign and Sentinel integrate error

Feign integrate Sentinel error:

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled. 03-31 10:45:01:182 ERROR 21840 --- [ main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication : Application run failed
03-31 10:45:01:182 ERROR 21840 — [ main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication : Application run failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name ‘orderService’: Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field ‘userClient’; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name ‘cn.itcast.feign.clients.UserClient’: Requested bean is currently in creation: Is there an unresolvable circular reference?
at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation)

1SpringCloud-Feign integrate Sentinel error:

03-31 10:44:59:906  INFO 21840 --- [           main] cn.itcast.order.OrderApplication         : No active profile set, falling back to default profiles: default
03-31 10:45:00:320  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.s.cloud.context.scope.GenericScope     : BeanFactory id=15e39e82-ae83-372c-bf12-c9f1083aeff7
03-31 10:45:00:441  INFO 21840 --- [           main] trationDelegate$BeanPostProcessorChecker : Bean 'spring.cloud.sentinel-com.alibaba.cloud.sentinel.SentinelProperties' of type [com.alibaba.cloud.sentinel.SentinelProperties] is not eligible for getting processed by all BeanPostProcessors (for example: not eligible for auto-proxying)
03-31 10:45:00:442  INFO 21840 --- [           main] trationDelegate$BeanPostProcessorChecker : Bean 'com.alibaba.cloud.sentinel.custom.SentinelAutoConfiguration' of type [com.alibaba.cloud.sentinel.custom.SentinelAutoConfiguration] is not eligible for getting processed by all BeanPostProcessors (for example: not eligible for auto-proxying)
03-31 10:45:00:596  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.s.b.w.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer  : Tomcat initialized with port(s): 8088 (http)
03-31 10:45:00:604  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Starting service [Tomcat]
03-31 10:45:00:604  INFO 21840 --- [           main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine  : Starting Servlet engine: [Apache Tomcat/9.0.43]
03-31 10:45:00:605  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.a.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener   : Loaded Apache Tomcat Native library [1.2.31] using APR version [1.7.0].
03-31 10:45:00:605  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.a.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener   : APR capabilities: IPv6 [true], sendfile [true], accept filters [false], random [true].
03-31 10:45:00:606  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.a.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener   : APR/OpenSSL configuration: useAprConnector [false], useOpenSSL [true]
03-31 10:45:00:608  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.a.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener   : OpenSSL successfully initialized [OpenSSL 1.1.1l  24 Aug 2021]
03-31 10:45:00:691  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
03-31 10:45:00:691  INFO 21840 --- [           main] w.s.c.ServletWebServerApplicationContext : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 769 ms
03-31 10:45:01:122  WARN 21840 --- [           main] ConfigServletWebServerApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'orderService': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userClient'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'cn.itcast.feign.clients.UserClient': Requested bean is currently in creation: Is there an unresolvable circular reference?
03-31 10:45:01:124  INFO 21840 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
03-31 10:45:01:132  INFO 21840 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
03-31 10:45:01:182 ERROR 21840 --- [           main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication               : Application run failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'orderService': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through field 'userClient'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'cn.itcast.feign.clients.UserClient': Requested bean is currently in creation: Is there an unresolvable circular reference?
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.resolveFieldValue(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:660) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:640) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:119) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:399) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1425) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:593) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:516) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:324) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:234) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:322) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:897) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:879) ~[spring-context-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:551) ~[spring-context-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:143) ~[spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:758) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:750) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:405) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1237) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) [spring-boot-2.3.9.RELEASE.jar:2.3.9.RELEASE]
	at cn.itcast.order.OrderApplication.main(OrderApplication.java:26) [classes/:na]
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'cn.itcast.feign.clients.UserClient': Requested bean is currently in creation: Is there an unresolvable circular reference?
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.beforeSingletonCreation(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:355) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:227) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:322) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.getBean(AbstractApplicationContext.java:1109) ~[spring-context-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at com.alibaba.cloud.sentinel.feign.SentinelFeign$Builder$1.create(SentinelFeign.java:84) ~[spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-sentinel-2.2.5.RELEASE.jar:2.2.5.RELEASE]
	at feign.ReflectiveFeign.newInstance(ReflectiveFeign.java:64) ~[feign-core-10.10.1.jar:na]
	at feign.Feign$Builder.target(Feign.java:269) ~[feign-core-10.10.1.jar:na]
	at org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.HystrixTargeter.target(HystrixTargeter.java:38) ~[spring-cloud-openfeign-core-2.2.7.RELEASE.jar:2.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClientFactoryBean.loadBalance(FeignClientFactoryBean.java:338) ~[spring-cloud-openfeign-core-2.2.7.RELEASE.jar:2.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClientFactoryBean.getTarget(FeignClientFactoryBean.java:369) ~[spring-cloud-openfeign-core-2.2.7.RELEASE.jar:2.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClientFactoryBean.getObject(FeignClientFactoryBean.java:347) ~[spring-cloud-openfeign-core-2.2.7.RELEASE.jar:2.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClientsRegistrar.lambda$registerFeignClient$0(FeignClientsRegistrar.java:240) ~[spring-cloud-openfeign-core-2.2.7.RELEASE.jar:2.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.obtainFromSupplier(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1235) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1177) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:556) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:516) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:324) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:234) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:322) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.config.DependencyDescriptor.resolveCandidate(DependencyDescriptor.java:276) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1307) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:1227) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.resolveFieldValue(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:657) ~[spring-beans-5.2.13.RELEASE.jar:5.2.13.RELEASE]
	... 21 common frames omitted

Solution:

Go to the parent pom file and modify the version of springcloud, change Hoxton.SR10 to Hoxton.SR9, and re-import the pom file

HLS ERROR: [IMPL 213-28] Failed to generate IP. [How to Solve]

Problem Description:

The following problems occur when using HLS to synthesize or package IP
error: [impl 213-28] failed to generate IP
command ‘ap_ Source ‘returned error code

has been tested in HLS of three versions (2018.3, 2020.1 and 2020.2) successively, and all errors are reported. The existing solutions (modifying the file name) do not work

Solution:

Adjust the system time of window to be less than or equal to 2021
this problem can be solved

[Solved] Shell loop execute error: syntax error: bad for loop variable

#!/bin/bash

for ((i = 10 ; i>=0 ; i--))
do
	echo $i
done

Syntax error: bad for loop variable

The reason is that since Ubuntu 6.10, Ubuntu has replaced the previous default bash shell with dash shell; It shows that the/bin/sh link reverses/bin/dash instead of the traditional/bin/bash.

Question 1: why #/ Bin/bash doesn’t work?

./execution will read #/ Bin/bash specifies the shell parser, and the script needs execution permission

Executing with SH will not read #/ Bin/bash, which is equivalent to executing the/bin/sh shell script and passing it in as a parameter. The script does not need execution permission, but only reading permission

Solution 1:

Execute sudo dpkg reconfigure dash and select No

Solution 2:

Modify cycle


for i in `seq 1 10`                                                                                                
do                                                                                                               
        echo $i                                                                                                  
done                                                                                                             
         
OR
                                                                                                        
for i in {0..10}                                                                                                 
do                                                                                                               
        echo $i                                                                                                  
done