Prompt error: rpmdb open failed using yum

On the CentOS system, an error is reported when using the yum command to install the package

rpmdb: Thread/process 6539/140448388269824 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 -  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm

The reason is that the RPM database is damaged

Restore to normal after rebuilding the database:

cd /var/lib/rpm/
for i in `ls | grep 'db.'`;do mv $i $i.bak;done
rpm --rebuilddb
yum clean all


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