yum Error: error: db5 error(-30973) from dbenv->failchk: BDB0087 DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run data……

1. On Linux server, execute the yum command and report an error as follows:
[[email protected] ~]# yum install nodejs
error: rpmdb: BDB0113 Thread/process 19512/140292738050112 failed: BDB1507 Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db5 error(-30973) from dbenv->failchk: BDB0087 DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db5 – (-30973)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:
Error: rpmdb open failed
2. Reason:
The rpm database is damaged.
3. Solution:
Just modify the database,
1)执行命令cd /var/lib/rpm
[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/lib/rpm
[[email protected] rpm]# ls
Basenames Conflictname __db.001 __db.002 __db.003 Dirnames Group Installtid Name Obsoletename Packages Providename Requirename Sha1header Sigmd5 Triggername
2) View
[[email protected] rpm]# ll
total 142484
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 3051520 Nov 4 2020 Basenames
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Oct 30 2020 Conflictname
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 286720 Nov 8 17:55 __db.001
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 90112 Nov 8 17:55 __db.002
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1318912 Nov 8 17:55 __db.003
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 2072576 Nov 4 2020 Dirnames
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 20480 Nov 4 2020 Group
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Nov 4 2020 Installtid
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 36864 Nov 4 2020 Name
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Nov 2 2020 Obsoletename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 136822784 Nov 4 2020 Packages
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 1888256 Nov 4 2020 Providename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 253952 Nov 4 2020 Requirename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 73728 Nov 4 2020 Sha1header
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 40960 Nov 4 2020 Sigmd5
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 8192 Oct 30 2020 Triggername
3) Delete the damaged database file
[[email protected] rpm]# rm -rf __db.00*
[[email protected] rpm]# ll
total 140964
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 3051520 Nov 4 2020 Basenames
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Oct 30 2020 Conflictname
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 2072576 Nov 4 2020 Dirnames
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 20480 Nov 4 2020 Group
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Nov 4 2020 Installtid
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 36864 Nov 4 2020 Name
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 16384 Nov 2 2020 Obsoletename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 136822784 Nov 4 2020 Packages
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 1888256 Nov 4 2020 Providename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 253952 Nov 4 2020 Requirename
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 73728 Nov 4 2020 Sha1header
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 40960 Nov 4 2020 Sigmd5
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 8192 Oct 30 2020 Triggername
4) Re-create the database file
[[email protected] rpm]# rpm –rebuilddb
[[email protected] rpm]# yum
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
You need to give some command
Usage: yum [options] COMMAND
List of Commands:
check Check for problems in the rpmdb
check-update Check for available package updates
clean Remove cached data
deplist List a package’s dependencies
distribution-synchronization Synchronize installed packages to the latest available versions
downgrade downgrade a package
erase Remove a package or packages from your system
fs Acts on the filesystem data of the host, mainly for removing docs/lanuages for minimal hosts.
fssnapshot Creates filesystem snapshots, or lists/deletes current snapshots.
groups Display, or use, the groups information
help Display a helpful usage message
history Display, or use, the transaction history
info Display details about a package or group of packages
install Install a package or packages on your system
langavailable Check available languages
langinfo List languages information
langinstall Install appropriate language packs for a language
langlist List installed languages
langremove Remove installed language packs for a language
list List a package or groups of packages
load-transaction load a saved transaction from filename
makecache Generate the metadata cache
provides Find what package provides the given value
reinstall reinstall a package
repo-pkgs Treat a repo. as a group of packages, so we can install/remove all of them
repolist Display the configured software repositories
search Search package details for the given string
shell Run an interactive yum shell
swap Simple way to swap packages, instead of using shell
update Update a package or packages on your system
update-minimal Works like upgrade, but goes to the ‘newest’ package match which fixes a problem that affects your system
updateinfo Acts on repository update information
upgrade Update packages taking obsoletes into account
version Display a version for the machine and/or available repos.
Options:
-h, –help show this help message and exit
-t, –tolerant be tolerant of errors
-C, –cacheonly run entirely from system cache, don’t update cache
-c [config file], –config=[config file]
config file location
-R [minutes], –randomwait=[minutes]
maximum command wait time
-d [debug level], –debuglevel=[debug level]
debugging output level
–showduplicates show duplicates, in repos, in list/search commands
-e [error level], –errorlevel=[error level]
error output level
–rpmverbosity=[debug level name]
debugging output level for rpm
-q, –quiet quiet operation
-v, –verbose verbose operation
-y, –assumeyes answer yes for all questions
–assumeno answer no for all questions
–version show Yum version and exit
–installroot=[path] set install root
–enablerepo=[repo] enable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
–disablerepo=[repo] disable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
-x [package], –exclude=[package]
exclude package(s) by name or glob
–disableexcludes=[repo]
disable exclude from main, for a repo or for
everything
–disableincludes=[repo]
disable includepkgs for a repo or for everything
–obsoletes enable obsoletes processing during updates
–noplugins disable Yum plugins
–nogpgcheck disable gpg signature checking
–disableplugin=[plugin]
disable plugins by name
–enableplugin=[plugin]
enable plugins by name
–skip-broken skip packages with depsolving problems
–color=COLOR control whether color is used
–releasever=RELEASEVER
set value of $releasever in yum config and repo files
–downloadonly don’t update, just download
–downloaddir=DLDIR specifies an alternate directory to store packages
–setopt=SETOPTS set arbitrary config and repo options
–bugfix Include bugfix relevant packages, in updates
–security Include security relevant packages, in updates
–advisory=ADVS, –advisories=ADVS
Include packages needed to fix the given advisory, in
updates
–bzs=BZS Include packages needed to fix the given BZ, in
updates
–cves=CVES Include packages needed to fix the given CVE, in
updates
–sec-severity=SEVS, –secseverity=SEVS
Include security relevant packages matching the
severity, in updates
Plugin Options:
5) Check whether the creation is successful
[[email protected] rpm]# ll
total 86052
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2846720 Nov 8 17:58 Basenames
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 8192 Nov 8 17:58 Conflictname
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 286720 Nov 8 17:58 __db.001
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 90112 Nov 8 17:58 __db.002
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 57344 Nov 8 17:58 __db.003
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1327104 Nov 8 17:58 Dirnames
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 24576 Nov 8 17:58 Group
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 16384 Nov 8 17:58 Installtid
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 40960 Nov 8 17:58 Name
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 16384 Nov 8 17:58 Obsoletename
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 81248256 Nov 8 17:58 Packages
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1957888 Nov 8 17:58 Providename
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 217088 Nov 8 17:58 Requirename
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 69632 Nov 8 17:58 Sha1header
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 45056 Nov 8 17:58 Sigmd5
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 8192 Nov 8 17:58 Triggername
Done!

Read More: