Hive 3.1.2 startup error reporting and resolution of guava version conflict

preface

This article belongs to the column “big data abnormal problems summary”, which is the author’s original. Please indicate the source of the quotation, and point out the shortcomings and errors in the comments area. Thank you!

For the table of contents and references of this column, please refer to the summary of big data anomalies

Questions

When installing and deploying hive3.1.2, an error occurred during startup:

[[email protected] apache-hive-3.1.2-bin]# ./bin/hive
which: no hbase in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/opt/java/bin:/opt/maven/bin:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/bin:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/sbin:/opt/bigdata/spark-3.2.0/bin:/opt/bigdata/spark-3.2.0/sbin:/opt/java/bin:/opt/maven/bin:/root/bin)
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.10.0.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkArgument(ZLjava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/Object;)V
        at org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.set(Configuration.java:1357)
        at org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.set(Configuration.java:1338)
        at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobConf.setJar(JobConf.java:536)
        at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobConf.setJarByClass(JobConf.java:554)
        at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobConf.<init>(JobConf.java:448)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf.initialize(HiveConf.java:5141)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf.<init>(HiveConf.java:5099)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.common.LogUtils.initHiveLog4jCommon(LogUtils.java:97)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.common.LogUtils.initHiveLog4j(LogUtils.java:81)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:699)
        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:683)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
        at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.run(RunJar.java:323)
        at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:236)

solve

From the error log, we can see that there is a problem with the guava package. Either there are fewer packages or there are conflicts. Let’s first check whether the package exists

[[email protected] apache-hive-3.1.2-bin]# find/-name *guava*
find: ‘/proc/9666’: Not having that file or directory
/opt/maven/lib/guava.license
/opt/maven/lib/guava-25.1-android.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/common/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/httpfs/tomcat/webapps/webhdfs/WEB-INF/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/kms/tomcat/webapps/kms/WEB-INF/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/yarn/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-2.7.3/share/hadoop/tools/lib/guava-11.0.2.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/guava-27.0-jre.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/listenablefuture-9999.0-empty-to-avoid-conflict-with-guava.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/guava-27.0-jre.jar
/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/hdfs/lib/listenablefuture-9999.0-empty-to-avoid-conflict-with-guava.jar
/opt/bigdata/spark-3.2.0/jars/guava-14.0.1.jar
/opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/guava-19.0.jar
/opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/jersey-guava-2.25.1.jar

There are guava packages in hive’s lib directory and Hadoop’s common lib directory, but the package versions are inconsistent. We use guava-27.0-jre.jar to override guava-19.0.jar in hive’s lib directory

[[email protected] apache-hive-3.1.2-bin]# cd lib
[[email protected] lib]# ll *guava*
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop 2308517 Sep  27 2018 guava-19.0.jar
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop  971309 May  21 2019 jersey-guava-2.25.1.jar
[[email protected] lib]# cd /opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/
[[email protected] lib]# ll *guava*
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop 2747878 Sep  26 00:18 guava-27.0-jre.jar
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop    2199 Sep  26 00:18 listenablefuture-9999.0-empty-to-avoid-conflict-with-guava.jar
[[email protected] lib]# cd /opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/
[[email protected] lib]# mv guava-19.0.jar guava-19.0.jar.bak
[[email protected] lib]# cp /opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/guava-27.0-jre.jar /opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/
[[email protected] lib]# ll *guava*
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop 2308517 Sep  27 2018 guava-19.0.jar.bak
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root   root   2747878 Jun  19 13:23 guava-27.0-jre.jar
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 hadoop hadoop  971309 May  21 2019 jersey-guava-2.25.1.jar
[[email protected] lib]# chmod 755 guava-27.0-jre.jar 
[[email protected] lib]# chown hadoop:hadoop guava-27.0-jre.jar 

At the same time, we switch to Hadoop users to execute (this can ensure that Hadoop is a super user)

[[email protected] lib]# su - hadoop
Last login: April June 17 22:14:01 CST 2021pts/0 AM
[[email protected] ~]$ cd /opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/
[[email protected] apache-hive-3.1.2-bin]$ ./bin/hive
which: no hbase in (/home/hadoop/.local/bin:/home/hadoop/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/opt/java/bin:/opt/maven/bin:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/bin:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/sbin:/opt/bigdata/spark-3.2.0/bin:/opt/bigdata/spark-3.2.0/sbin)
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/log4j-slf4j-impl-2.10.0.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/opt/bigdata/hadoop-3.2.2/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.25.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.apache.logging.slf4j.Log4jLoggerFactory]
Hive Session ID = 901d74e6-fa5d-45b5-b949-bebdacb582ed

Logging initialized using configuration in jar:file:/opt/bigdata/apache-hive-3.1.2-bin/lib/hive-common-3.1.2.jar!/hive-log4j2.properties Async: true
Hive-on-MR is deprecated in Hive 2 and may not be available in the future versions. Consider using a different execution engine (i.e. spark, tez) or using Hive 1.X releases.
hive> 

The problem has been solved


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