Nginx Container Error: nginx: [emerg] mkdir() “/var/cache/nginx/client_temp“ failed (13: Permission denied)

Phenomenon

Previously, an nginx image was run with docker without any error, but when the image was started with k8s, the error “nginx: [emerg] mkdir()”/var/cache/Nginx/client_temp “failed (13: permission denied)” was reported This error occurs only under a specific namespace. The normal docker version is 17.03.3-ce the abnormal docker version is docker 19.03.4 which uses the overlay 2 storage driver

reflection

According to the error message, it is obvious that it is a user permission problem. Similar nginx permission problems have been encountered before, but they are caused by the setting of SELinux. After closing SELinux, it returns to normal. For the setting method, refer to “CentOS 7. X closing SELinux”
to find k8s startup or failure, I also saw a blog “unable to run Nginx docker due to” 13: permission denied “to delete the container by executing the following command_t added to SELinux, but failed

semanage permissive -a container_t
semodule -l | grep permissive

other

In addition, I try to solve this problem by configuring the security context for pod or container. yaml the configuration of security context is

  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 1000
    runAsGroup: 1000
    runAsUser: 1000
    runAsNonRoot: true

 

last

In the end, you can only directly make an nginx image started by a non root user. Follow https://github.com/nginxinc/docker-nginx-unprivileged Create your own image for the project
first view the user ID and group ID of your starting pod. You can use ID <User name>, for example:

[[email protected] ~]$ id deploy
uid=1000(deploy) gid=1000(deploy) Team=1000(deploy),980(docker) 

You need to modify the uid and GID in the dockerfile in the project to the corresponding ID of your user. My user ID and group ID are 1000
I also added a line of settings for using alicloud image, otherwise it will be particularly slow to build the image. You can also add some custom settings yourself, It should be noted that the image exposes the 8080 port instead of the 80 port. Non root users cannot directly start the 80port

Dockerfile:

#
# NOTE: THIS DOCKERFILE IS GENERATED VIA "update.sh"
#
# PLEASE DO NOT EDIT IT DIRECTLY.
#
ARG IMAGE=alpine:3.13
FROM $IMAGE

LABEL maintainer="NGINX Docker Maintainers <[email protected]>"

ENV NGINX_VERSION 1.20.1
ENV NJS_VERSION   0.5.3
ENV PKG_RELEASE   1

ARG UID=1000
ARG GID=1000

RUN set -x \
    && sed -i 's/dl-cdn.alpinelinux.org/mirrors.aliyun.com/g' /etc/apk/repositories \
# create nginx user/group first, to be consistent throughout docker variants
    && addgroup -g $GID -S nginx \
    && adduser -S -D -H -u $UID -h /var/cache/nginx -s /sbin/nologin -G nginx -g nginx nginx \
    && apkArch="$(cat /etc/apk/arch)" \
    && nginxPackages=" \
        nginx=${NGINX_VERSION}-r${PKG_RELEASE} \
        nginx-module-xslt=${NGINX_VERSION}-r${PKG_RELEASE} \
        nginx-module-geoip=${NGINX_VERSION}-r${PKG_RELEASE} \
        nginx-module-image-filter=${NGINX_VERSION}-r${PKG_RELEASE} \
        nginx-module-njs=${NGINX_VERSION}.${NJS_VERSION}-r${PKG_RELEASE} \
    " \
    && case "$apkArch" in \
        x86_64|aarch64) \
# arches officially built by upstream
            set -x \
            && KEY_SHA512="e7fa8303923d9b95db37a77ad46c68fd4755ff935d0a534d26eba83de193c76166c68bfe7f65471bf8881004ef4aa6df3e34689c305662750c0172fca5d8552a *stdin" \
            && apk add --no-cache --virtual .cert-deps \
                openssl \
            && wget -O /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.rsa.pub \
            && if [ "$(openssl rsa -pubin -in /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub -text -noout | openssl sha512 -r)" = "$KEY_SHA512" ]; then \
                echo "key verification succeeded!"; \
                mv /tmp/nginx_signing.rsa.pub /etc/apk/keys/; \
            else \
                echo "key verification failed!"; \
                exit 1; \
            fi \
            && apk del .cert-deps \
            && apk add -X "https://nginx.org/packages/alpine/v$(egrep -o '^[0-9]+\.[0-9]+' /etc/alpine-release)/main" --no-cache $nginxPackages \
            ;; \
        *) \
# we're on an architecture upstream doesn't officially build for
# let's build binaries from the published packaging sources
            set -x \
            && tempDir="$(mktemp -d)" \
            && chown nobody:nobody $tempDir \
            && apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps \
                gcc \
                libc-dev \
                make \
                openssl-dev \
                pcre-dev \
                zlib-dev \
                linux-headers \
                libxslt-dev \
                gd-dev \
                geoip-dev \
                perl-dev \
                libedit-dev \
                mercurial \
                bash \
                alpine-sdk \
                findutils \
            && su nobody -s /bin/sh -c " \
                export HOME=${tempDir} \
                && cd ${tempDir} \
                && hg clone https://hg.nginx.org/pkg-oss \
                && cd pkg-oss \
                && hg up ${NGINX_VERSION}-${PKG_RELEASE} \
                && cd alpine \
                && make all \
                && apk index -o ${tempDir}/packages/alpine/${apkArch}/APKINDEX.tar.gz ${tempDir}/packages/alpine/${apkArch}/*.apk \
                && abuild-sign -k ${tempDir}/.abuild/abuild-key.rsa ${tempDir}/packages/alpine/${apkArch}/APKINDEX.tar.gz \
                " \
            && cp ${tempDir}/.abuild/abuild-key.rsa.pub /etc/apk/keys/ \
            && apk del .build-deps \
            && apk add -X ${tempDir}/packages/alpine/ --no-cache $nginxPackages \
            ;; \
    esac \
# if we have leftovers from building, let's purge them (including extra, unnecessary build deps)
    && if [ -n "$tempDir" ]; then rm -rf "$tempDir"; fi \
    && if [ -n "/etc/apk/keys/abuild-key.rsa.pub" ]; then rm -f /etc/apk/keys/abuild-key.rsa.pub; fi \
    && if [ -n "/etc/apk/keys/nginx_signing.rsa.pub" ]; then rm -f /etc/apk/keys/nginx_signing.rsa.pub; fi \
# Bring in gettext so we can get `envsubst`, then throw
# the rest away. To do this, we need to install `gettext`
# then move `envsubst` out of the way so `gettext` can
# be deleted completely, then move `envsubst` back.
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .gettext gettext \
    && mv /usr/bin/envsubst /tmp/ \
    \
    && runDeps="$( \
        scanelf --needed --nobanner /tmp/envsubst \
            | awk '{ gsub(/,/, "\nso:", $2); print "so:" $2 }' \
            | sort -u \
            | xargs -r apk info --installed \
            | sort -u \
    )" \
    && apk add --no-cache $runDeps \
    && apk del .gettext \
    && mv /tmp/envsubst /usr/local/bin/ \
# Bring in tzdata so users could set the timezones through the environment
# variables
    && apk add --no-cache tzdata \
# Bring in curl and ca-certificates to make registering on DNS SD easier
    && apk add --no-cache curl ca-certificates \
# forward request and error logs to docker log collector
    && ln -sf /dev/stdout /var/log/nginx/access.log \
    && ln -sf /dev/stderr /var/log/nginx/error.log \
# create a docker-entrypoint.d directory
    && mkdir /docker-entrypoint.d

# implement changes required to run NGINX as an unprivileged user
RUN sed -i 's,listen       80;,listen       8080;,' /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf \
    && sed -i '/user  nginx;/d' /etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
    && sed -i 's,/var/run/nginx.pid,/tmp/nginx.pid,' /etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
    && sed -i "/^http {/a \    proxy_temp_path /tmp/proxy_temp;\n    client_body_temp_path /tmp/client_temp;\n    fastcgi_temp_path /tmp/fastcgi_temp;\n    uwsgi_temp_path /tmp/uwsgi_temp;\n    scgi_temp_path /tmp/scgi_temp;\n" /etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
# nginx user must own the cache and etc directory to write cache and tweak the nginx config
    && chown -R $UID:0 /var/cache/nginx \
    && chmod -R g+w /var/cache/nginx \
    && chown -R $UID:0 /etc/nginx \
    && chmod -R g+w /etc/nginx

COPY docker-entrypoint.sh /
COPY 10-listen-on-ipv6-by-default.sh /docker-entrypoint.d
COPY 20-envsubst-on-templates.sh /docker-entrypoint.d
COPY 30-tune-worker-processes.sh /docker-entrypoint.d
RUN  chmod 755 /docker-entrypoint.sh \
     && chmod 755 /docker-entrypoint.d/*.sh

ENTRYPOINT ["/docker-entrypoint.sh"]

EXPOSE 8080

STOPSIGNAL SIGQUIT

USER $UID

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

10-listen-on-ipv6-by-default.sh:

#!/bin/sh
# vim:sw=4:ts=4:et

set -e

ME=$(basename $0)
DEFAULT_CONF_FILE="etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf"

# check if we have ipv6 available
if [ ! -f "/proc/net/if_inet6" ]; then
    echo >&3 "$ME: info: ipv6 not available"
    exit 0
fi

if [ ! -f "/$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE" ]; then
    echo >&3 "$ME: info: /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE is not a file or does not exist"
    exit 0
fi

# check if the file can be modified, e.g. not on a r/o filesystem
touch /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE 2>/dev/null || { echo >&3 "$ME: info: can not modify /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE (read-only file system?)"; exit 0; }

# check if the file is already modified, e.g. on a container restart
grep -q "listen  \[::]\:8080;" /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE && { echo >&3 "$ME: info: IPv6 listen already enabled"; exit 0; }

if [ -f "/etc/os-release" ]; then
    . /etc/os-release
else
    echo >&3 "$ME: info: can not guess the operating system"
    exit 0
fi

echo >&3 "$ME: info: Getting the checksum of /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE"

case "$ID" in
    "debian")
        CHECKSUM=$(dpkg-query --show --showformat='${Conffiles}\n' nginx | grep $DEFAULT_CONF_FILE | cut -d' ' -f 3)
        echo "$CHECKSUM  /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE" | md5sum -c - >/dev/null 2>&1 || {
            echo >&3 "$ME: info: /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE differs from the packaged version"
            exit 0
        }
        ;;
    "alpine")
        CHECKSUM=$(apk manifest nginx 2>/dev/null| grep $DEFAULT_CONF_FILE | cut -d' ' -f 1 | cut -d ':' -f 2)
        echo "$CHECKSUM  /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE" | sha1sum -c - >/dev/null 2>&1 || {
            echo >&3 "$ME: info: /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE differs from the packaged version"
            exit 0
        }
        ;;
    *)
        echo >&3 "$ME: info: Unsupported distribution"
        exit 0
        ;;
esac

# enable ipv6 on default.conf listen sockets
sed -i -E 's,listen       8080;,listen       8080;\n    listen  [::]:8080;,' /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE

echo >&3 "$ME: info: Enabled listen on IPv6 in /$DEFAULT_CONF_FILE"

exit 0

20-envsubst-on-templates.sh:

#!/bin/sh

set -e

ME=$(basename $0)

auto_envsubst() {
  local template_dir="${NGINX_ENVSUBST_TEMPLATE_DIR:-/etc/nginx/templates}"
  local suffix="${NGINX_ENVSUBST_TEMPLATE_SUFFIX:-.template}"
  local output_dir="${NGINX_ENVSUBST_OUTPUT_DIR:-/etc/nginx/conf.d}"

  local template defined_envs relative_path output_path subdir
  defined_envs=$(printf '${%s} ' $(env | cut -d= -f1))
  [ -d "$template_dir" ] || return 0
  if [ ! -w "$output_dir" ]; then
    echo >&3 "$ME: ERROR: $template_dir exists, but $output_dir is not writable"
    return 0
  fi
  find "$template_dir" -follow -type f -name "*$suffix" -print | while read -r template; do
    relative_path="${template#$template_dir/}"
    output_path="$output_dir/${relative_path%$suffix}"
    subdir=$(dirname "$relative_path")
    # create a subdirectory where the template file exists
    mkdir -p "$output_dir/$subdir"
    echo >&3 "$ME: Running envsubst on $template to $output_path"
    envsubst "$defined_envs" < "$template" > "$output_path"
  done
}

auto_envsubst

exit 0

30-tune-worker-processes.sh:

#!/bin/sh
# vim:sw=2:ts=2:sts=2:et

set -eu

LC_ALL=C
ME=$( basename "$0" )
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin

[ "${NGINX_ENTRYPOINT_WORKER_PROCESSES_AUTOTUNE:-}" ] || exit 0

touch /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 2>/dev/null || { echo >&2 "$ME: error: can not modify /etc/nginx/nginx.conf (read-only file system?)"; exit 0; }

ceildiv() {
  num=$1
  div=$2
  echo $(( (num + div - 1)/div ))
}

get_cpuset() {
  cpusetroot=$1
  cpusetfile=$2
  ncpu=0
  [ -f "$cpusetroot/$cpusetfile" ] || return 1
  for token in $( tr ',' ' ' < "$cpusetroot/$cpusetfile" ); do
    case "$token" in
      *-*)
        count=$( seq $(echo "$token" | tr '-' ' ') | wc -l )
        ncpu=$(( ncpu+count ))
        ;;
      *)
        ncpu=$(( ncpu+1 ))
        ;;
    esac
  done
  echo "$ncpu"
}

get_quota() {
  cpuroot=$1
  ncpu=0
  [ -f "$cpuroot/cpu.cfs_quota_us" ] || return 1
  [ -f "$cpuroot/cpu.cfs_period_us" ] || return 1
  cfs_quota=$( cat "$cpuroot/cpu.cfs_quota_us" )
  cfs_period=$( cat "$cpuroot/cpu.cfs_period_us" )
  [ "$cfs_quota" = "-1" ] && return 1
  [ "$cfs_period" = "0" ] && return 1
  ncpu=$( ceildiv "$cfs_quota" "$cfs_period" )
  [ "$ncpu" -gt 0 ] || return 1
  echo "$ncpu"
}

get_quota_v2() {
  cpuroot=$1
  ncpu=0
  [ -f "$cpuroot/cpu.max" ] || return 1
  cfs_quota=$( cut -d' ' -f 1 < "$cpuroot/cpu.max" )
  cfs_period=$( cut -d' ' -f 2 < "$cpuroot/cpu.max" )
  [ "$cfs_quota" = "max" ] && return 1
  [ "$cfs_period" = "0" ] && return 1
  ncpu=$( ceildiv "$cfs_quota" "$cfs_period" )
  [ "$ncpu" -gt 0 ] || return 1
  echo "$ncpu"
}

get_cgroup_v1_path() {
  needle=$1
  found=
  foundroot=
  mountpoint=

  [ -r "/proc/self/mountinfo" ] || return 1
  [ -r "/proc/self/cgroup" ] || return 1

  while IFS= read -r line; do
    case "$needle" in
      "cpuset")
        case "$line" in
          *cpuset*)
            found=$( echo "$line" | cut -d ' ' -f 4,5 )
            break
            ;;
        esac
        ;;
      "cpu")
        case "$line" in
          *cpuset*)
            ;;
          *cpu,cpuacct*|*cpuacct,cpu|*cpuacct*|*cpu*)
            found=$( echo "$line" | cut -d ' ' -f 4,5 )
            break
            ;;
        esac
    esac
  done << __EOF__
$( grep -F -- '- cgroup ' /proc/self/mountinfo )
__EOF__

  while IFS= read -r line; do
    controller=$( echo "$line" | cut -d: -f 2 )
    case "$needle" in
      "cpuset")
        case "$controller" in
          cpuset)
            mountpoint=$( echo "$line" | cut -d: -f 3 )
            break
            ;;
        esac
        ;;
      "cpu")
        case "$controller" in
          cpu,cpuacct|cpuacct,cpu|cpuacct|cpu)
            mountpoint=$( echo "$line" | cut -d: -f 3 )
            break
            ;;
        esac
        ;;
    esac
done << __EOF__
$( grep -F -- 'cpu' /proc/self/cgroup )
__EOF__

  case "${found%% *}" in
    "/")
      foundroot="${found##* }$mountpoint"
      ;;
    "$mountpoint")
      foundroot="${found##* }"
      ;;
  esac
  echo "$foundroot"
}

get_cgroup_v2_path() {
  found=
  foundroot=
  mountpoint=

  [ -r "/proc/self/mountinfo" ] || return 1
  [ -r "/proc/self/cgroup" ] || return 1

  while IFS= read -r line; do
    found=$( echo "$line" | cut -d ' ' -f 4,5 )
  done << __EOF__
$( grep -F -- '- cgroup2 ' /proc/self/mountinfo )
__EOF__

  while IFS= read -r line; do
    mountpoint=$( echo "$line" | cut -d: -f 3 )
done << __EOF__
$( grep -F -- '0::' /proc/self/cgroup )
__EOF__

  case "${found%% *}" in
    "")
      return 1
      ;;
    "/")
      foundroot="${found##* }$mountpoint"
      ;;
    "$mountpoint")
      foundroot="${found##* }"
      ;;
  esac
  echo "$foundroot"
}

ncpu_online=$( getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN )
ncpu_cpuset=
ncpu_quota=
ncpu_cpuset_v2=
ncpu_quota_v2=

cpuset=$( get_cgroup_v1_path "cpuset" ) && ncpu_cpuset=$( get_cpuset "$cpuset" "cpuset.effective_cpus" ) || ncpu_cpuset=$ncpu_online
cpu=$( get_cgroup_v1_path "cpu" ) && ncpu_quota=$( get_quota "$cpu" ) || ncpu_quota=$ncpu_online
cgroup_v2=$( get_cgroup_v2_path ) && ncpu_cpuset_v2=$( get_cpuset "$cgroup_v2" "cpuset.cpus.effective" ) || ncpu_cpuset_v2=$ncpu_online
cgroup_v2=$( get_cgroup_v2_path ) && ncpu_quota_v2=$( get_quota_v2 "$cgroup_v2" ) || ncpu_quota_v2=$ncpu_online

ncpu=$( printf "%s\n%s\n%s\n%s\n%s\n" \
               "$ncpu_online" \
               "$ncpu_cpuset" \
               "$ncpu_quota" \
               "$ncpu_cpuset_v2" \
               "$ncpu_quota_v2" \
               | sort -n \
               | head -n 1 )

sed -i.bak -r 's/^(worker_processes)(.*)$/# Commented out by '"$ME"' on '"$(date)"'\n#\1\2\n\1 '"$ncpu"';/' /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

docker-entrypoint.sh:

#!/bin/sh
# vim:sw=4:ts=4:et

set -e

if [ -z "${NGINX_ENTRYPOINT_QUIET_LOGS:-}" ]; then
    exec 3>&1
else
    exec 3>/dev/null
fi

if [ "$1" = "nginx" -o "$1" = "nginx-debug" ]; then
    if /usr/bin/find "/docker-entrypoint.d/" -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type f -print -quit 2>/dev/null | read v; then
        echo >&3 "$0: /docker-entrypoint.d/ is not empty, will attempt to perform configuration"

        echo >&3 "$0: Looking for shell scripts in /docker-entrypoint.d/"
        find "/docker-entrypoint.d/" -follow -type f -print | sort -V | while read -r f; do
            case "$f" in
                *.sh)
                    if [ -x "$f" ]; then
                        echo >&3 "$0: Launching $f";
                        "$f"
                    else
                        # warn on shell scripts without exec bit
                        echo >&3 "$0: Ignoring $f, not executable";
                    fi
                    ;;
                *) echo >&3 "$0: Ignoring $f";;
            esac
        done

        echo >&3 "$0: Configuration complete; ready for start up"
    else
        echo >&3 "$0: No files found in /docker-entrypoint.d/, skipping configuration"
    fi
fi

exec "[email protected]"

Run a couple of files at the same catalog and then run docker build -t nginxinc/docker-nginx-unprivileged:latest

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