[Solved] Yum Install Software Error: Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority…

Error 1:

Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority in /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo; Configuration: OptionBinding with id "failovermethod" does not exist
CentOS Linux 8 - AppStream                                                 6.3 kB/s | 2.3 kB     00:00    
Errors during downloading metadata for repository 'appstream':
  - Status code: 404 for http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/repodata/repomd.xml (IP: 100.100.2.148)
Error: Failed to download metadata for repo 'appstream': Cannot download repomd.xml: Cannot download repodata/repomd.xml: All mirrors were tried

The current environment is:

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# uname -srm
Linux 4.18.0-348.2.1.el8_5.x86_64 x86_64

CentOS version:

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 8.5.2111

Solution:

1. Find CentOS related directory, backup CentOS-AppStream, CentOS-Base files, generally CentOS directory is under /etc/yum.repos.d folder, as follows:

Backup:

cp CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo1
cp CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo1

2. Edit the files CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo,CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo for string replacement:

vi CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
# esc 键盘 : 命令模式下执行:
%s/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/mirrors.aliyun.com/g 
# 继续执行:
%s/$releasever/$releasever-stream/g

vi CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo
# esc 键盘 : 命令模式下执行:
%s/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/mirrors.aliyun.com/g 
# 继续执行:
%s/$releasever/$releasever-stream/g

3. Execute the order:

yum makecache
yum update

Command execution effect:

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum update
Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority in /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-epel.repo; Configuration: OptionBinding with id "failovermethod" does not exist
Last metadata expiration check: 0:01:22 ago on Wed 09 Mar 2022 10:20:01 AM CST.
Error: 
 Problem: package centos-stream-release-8.6-1.el8.noarch requires centos-stream-repos, but none of the providers can be installed
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-stream-repos-8-4.el8.noarch
  - package centos-stream-repos-8-4.el8.noarch conflicts with centos-repos(8) provided by centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
  - cannot install the best update candidate for package centos-linux-release-8.5-1.2111.el8.noarch
  - problem with installed package centos-linux-repos-8-3.el8.noarch
(try to add '--allowerasing' to command line to replace conflicting packages or '--skip-broken' to skip uninstallable packages or '--nobest' to use not only best candidate packages)

Execute the command Yum install * expect * again, and the results are as follows:

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum install *expect*
Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority in /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-epel.repo; Configuration: OptionBinding with id "failovermethod" does not exist
Last metadata expiration check: 0:07:00 ago on Wed 09 Mar 2022 10:20:01 AM CST.
Package python3-pexpect-4.3.1-3.el8.noarch is already installed.
Dependencies resolved.
===========================================================================================================
 Package                       Architecture         Version                     Repository            Size
===========================================================================================================
Installing:
 expect                        x86_64               5.45.4-5.el8                baseos               267 k
 python3-aexpect               noarch               1.6.2-1.el8                 epel                  93 k
Installing dependencies:
 tcl                           x86_64               1:8.6.8-2.el8               baseos               1.1 M

Transaction Summary
===========================================================================================================
Install  3 Packages

Total download size: 1.5 M
Installed size: 5.2 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/3): python3-aexpect-1.6.2-1.el8.noarch.rpm                              467 kB/s |  93 kB     00:00    
(2/3): expect-5.45.4-5.el8.x86_64.rpm                                      282 kB/s | 267 kB     00:00    
(3/3): tcl-8.6.8-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                          351 kB/s | 1.1 MB     00:03    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                      461 kB/s | 1.5 MB     00:03     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                   1/1 
  Installing       : tcl-1:8.6.8-2.el8.x86_64                                                          1/3 
  Running scriptlet: tcl-1:8.6.8-2.el8.x86_64                                                          1/3 
  Installing       : expect-5.45.4-5.el8.x86_64                                                        2/3 
  Installing       : python3-aexpect-1.6.2-1.el8.noarch                                                3/3 
  Running scriptlet: python3-aexpect-1.6.2-1.el8.noarch                                                3/3 
  Verifying        : expect-5.45.4-5.el8.x86_64                                                        1/3 
  Verifying        : tcl-1:8.6.8-2.el8.x86_64                                                          2/3 
  Verifying        : python3-aexpect-1.6.2-1.el8.noarch                                                3/3 

Installed:
  expect-5.45.4-5.el8.x86_64       python3-aexpect-1.6.2-1.el8.noarch       tcl-1:8.6.8-2.el8.x86_64      

Complete!

OK, you can install yum

Note: in actual use, if there is no CentOS-AppStream.repo related files, do not operate on them

Eg: install git:

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum -y install git
Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority in /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-epel.repo; Configuration: OptionBinding with id "failovermethod" does not exist
Last metadata expiration check: 0:07:51 ago on Wed 09 Mar 2022 10:20:01 AM CST.
Dependencies resolved.
===========================================================================================================
 Package                      Architecture       Version                       Repository             Size
===========================================================================================================
Installing:
 git                          x86_64             2.31.1-2.el8                  appstream             161 k
Installing dependencies:
 git-core                     x86_64             2.31.1-2.el8                  appstream             4.7 M
 git-core-doc                 noarch             2.31.1-2.el8                  appstream             2.6 M
 perl-Error                   noarch             1:0.17025-2.el8               appstream              46 k
 perl-Git                     noarch             2.31.1-2.el8                  appstream              78 k
 perl-TermReadKey             x86_64             2.37-7.el8                    appstream              40 k

Transaction Summary
===========================================================================================================
Install  6 Packages

Total download size: 7.7 M
Installed size: 38 M
Downloading Packages:
(1/6): git-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                         299 kB/s | 161 kB     00:00    
(2/6): perl-Error-0.17025-2.el8.noarch.rpm                                 185 kB/s |  46 kB     00:00    
(3/6): perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch.rpm                                    290 kB/s |  78 kB     00:00    
(4/6): perl-TermReadKey-2.37-7.el8.x86_64.rpm                              148 kB/s |  40 kB     00:00    
(5/6): git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch.rpm                                385 kB/s | 2.6 MB     00:07    
(6/6): git-core-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64.rpm                                    394 kB/s | 4.7 MB     00:12    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                      640 kB/s | 7.7 MB     00:12     
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                   1/1 
  Installing       : git-core-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64                                                      1/6 
  Installing       : git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch                                                  2/6 
  Installing       : perl-TermReadKey-2.37-7.el8.x86_64                                                3/6 
  Installing       : perl-Error-1:0.17025-2.el8.noarch                                                 4/6 
  Installing       : perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch                                                      5/6 
  Installing       : git-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64                                                           6/6 
  Running scriptlet: git-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64                                                           6/6 
  Verifying        : git-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64                                                           1/6 
  Verifying        : git-core-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64                                                      2/6 
  Verifying        : git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch                                                  3/6 
  Verifying        : perl-Error-1:0.17025-2.el8.noarch                                                 4/6 
  Verifying        : perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch                                                      5/6 
  Verifying        : perl-TermReadKey-2.37-7.el8.x86_64                                                6/6 

Installed:
  git-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64             git-core-2.31.1-2.el8.x86_64   git-core-doc-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch    
  perl-Error-1:0.17025-2.el8.noarch   perl-Git-2.31.1-2.el8.noarch   perl-TermReadKey-2.37-7.el8.x86_64  

Complete!
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# git --version
git version 2.31.1

Error 2:

Invalid configuration value: failovermethod=priority in /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-epel.repo; Configuration: OptionBinding with id "failovermethod" does not exist
Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration
CentOS Linux 8 - AppStream                                                 6.7 kB/s | 2.3 kB     00:00    
Errors during downloading metadata for repository 'appstream':
  - Status code: 404 for http://mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/repodata/repomd.xml (IP: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx)
Error: Failed to download metadata for repo 'appstream': Cannot download repomd.xml: Cannot download repodata/repomd.xml: All mirrors were tried

Solution

Enter the file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Epel.repo, and comment out  failovermethod=priority :

OK, you can also install yum

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