Notes for migrating Oracle jdk8 to openjdk11

Java 8 upgrade Java 11

Because orcle stopped the free follow-up security update of jdk8, the decision to upgrade JDK to 11 was adopted after the decision.

Specific version:

current version

java -version
java version "1.8.0_201"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_201-b09)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.201-b09, mixed mode)

Target version

java -version
openjdk version "11.0.2" 2019-01-15
OpenJDK Runtime Environment AdoptOpenJDK (build 11.0.2+9)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM AdoptOpenJDK (build 11.0.2+9, mixed mode)

Upgrade process:

Download and install jdk11

JDK download
the selection of jdk11 version is: adptopen JDK 11.0.2 + 9
Download x64_ windows_ hotspot_ 11.0.2_ 9. Zip
latest or more versions: GitHub view all the released versions of open JDK (change the environment variable to jdk11, if you don’t start a java program such as Tomcat on the command line, you can skip this step, generally you don’t need to use ide on Windows)

Add jdk11: Ctrl Shift Alt + s — & gt; SDKs –> + Select JDK — & gt; Make sure that the compiler of the specified project in the directory is jdk11: Ctrl Shift Alt + S – & gt; Project ——> The project SDK and project SDK level are changed to the newly added 11, and the rest remain unchanged (the project is controlled by Maven’s pom.xml)
update the project compiler to jdk11pom.xml. See the following for the detailed process

Pom.xml transformation


This plug-in is used to compile the source code; The configuration in it represents the use of 11 to compile


Surefire plug-in is used to execute unit test of an application in the test phase of Maven build life cycle. It will produce two different forms of test results


The questions are listed as follows:

if the method provided in this paper can not be solved, you can try the following </ H6>
    1. clean the whole project/project and recompile it with Java 11
    1. in idea:
    1. build — build artifacts — all — clean
    1. build — build artifacts — all — build delete the corresponding components under Tomcat/webapps (clear the cache) </ OL>

Question 1

resource cannot be resolved to a type
javax. Annotation. Resource
resource class cannot be found; Java 11 has been removed as an alternative solution


Add in pom.xml:


Reference from stack overflow

Question 2

E rror:java : symbol not found
symbol: class resource
location: package javax.annotation



Question 3

JAXB (Java. XML. Bind) problems are as follows:

Error:(10, 33) java: Package javax.xml.bind.annotation does not exist
Error:(24, 2) java: Symbol not found
  Symbol: Class XmlRootElement
Error:(28, 6) java: Symbol not found
  Symbol: Class XmlElement
  Location: Class

openjdk11 has deleted some packages. The following is an announcement:

Removal Of Java EE Modules
There used to be a lot of code in Java SE that was actually related to Java EE. It ended up in six modules that were deprecated for removal in Java 9 and removed from Java 11. Here are the removed technologies and packages:)
the JavaBeans Activation Framework (JAF) in javax.activation
CORBA in the packages javax.activity, javax.rmi, javax.rmi.CORBA, and org.omg.*
the Java Transaction API (JTA) in the package javax.transaction
JAXB in the packages javax.xml.bind.*   ############ This package is the cause of the problem
JAX-WS in the packages javax.jws, javax.jws.soap, javax.xml.soap, and*
Commons Annotation in the package javax.annotation

The corresponding version is as follows:

<!-- Java 6 = JAXB version 2.0   -->
<!-- Java 7 = JAXB version 2.2.3 -->
<!-- Java 8 = JAXB version 2.2.8 -->
<!-- Java 9 = JAXB version 2.3.0 -->

Note: before the project is which version of JDK to introduce which version, for example, I was java8, so I want to introduce the JAXB version of 2.2.8


Reference from stack overflow

Question 4

Warning: (54,44) newinstance() in Java: Java. Lang. class is obsolete


Check the source code of newinstance() in open JDK 11 Java. Lang. class. Some comments are as follows

    /* can be replaced by
     * <pre>{@code
     * clazz.getDeclaredConstructor().newInstance()

It can be replaced by the above method


replace with


Question 5
After starting Tomcat
Artifact upm-web:war: Error during artifact deployment. See server log for details.
View the logs as follows.

19-Mar-2019 09:50:31.061 [RMI TCP Connection(3)-] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart Error configuring application listener of class []
 java.lang.UnsupportedClassVersionError: com/xxx/xxx/xxx/WebContextLoaderListener has been compiled by a more recent version of the Java Runtime (class file version 55.0), this version of the Java Runtime only recognizes class file versions up to 52.0 (unable to load class [])
	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClassInternal(
	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClass(
19-Mar-2019 09:50:31.061 [RMI TCP Connection(3)-] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart Skipped installing application listeners due to previous error(s)

according to the description of exception information (unsupported version of XXX. Class), it means that the current class version to be loaded is 55 (Java 11), which cannot be loaded. The current Java runtime supports 52 (Java 8) versions of. Class files at most
where the java version corresponds to the class version as follows:

J2SE 11 = 55 (0x33 hex),
J2SE 10 = 54 (0x33 hex),
J2SE 9 = 53 (0x33 hex),
J2SE 8 = 52 (0x33 hex),
J2SE 7 = 51 (0x33 hex),
J2SE 6.0 = 50 (0x32 hex),
J2SE 5.0 = 49 (0x31 hex),
JDK 1.4 = 48 (0x30 hex),
JDK 1.3 = 47 (0x2F hex),
JDK 1.2 = 46 (0x2E hex),
JDK 1.1 = 45 (0x2D hex).

It can be seen that the actual cause of the problem is that the program compiled by java8 (Tomcat) calls the program compiled by java11.


Using higher version Tomcat 9

Detailed process:

Go to Tomcat official website to download tomcat9, unzip the downloaded zip (modify the Tomcat environment variable and do not use it in the command line, which can be skipped). Modify the Tomcat set in IDE to the newly installed tomcat9. Take idea as an example:

Run edit configurations on the top right — configure on the right side of application server… Click on the top left + add the file location of newly installed tomcat9, OK, confirm to save the modification below, change JRE to newly added JDK 11, save the settings (note whether there are errors in the prompt area below) and run to check whether the configuration is correct

The above is my JDK version upgrade problems. Welcome to add!

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