How to Solve Turtle_tf Error in ROS

Software configuration

Operating system: Ubuntu 16.04
ROS version: kinetic
Python version: python2.7, python3.5, python3.8

Function package and routine

Refer to “ROS robot development and practice” section 4.2.3 using turtle simulator routine turtle_ TF, execute the command:

roslaunch turtle_tf turtle_tf_demo.launch

report errors

Traceback (most recent call last):
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/turtle_tf/turtle_tf_broadcaster.py", line 37, in <module>
        import tf   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf/__init__.py", line 28, in <module>
        from tf2_ros import TransformException as Exception, ConnectivityException, LookupException, ExtrapolationException
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_ros/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from tf2_py import *   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_py/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from ._tf2 import * ImportError: dynamic module does not define module export function (PyInit__tf2) Traceback (most recent call last):   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/turtle_tf/turtle_tf_broadcaster.py", line 37, in <module>     
        import tf   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf/__init__.py", line 28, in <module>    
        from tf2_ros import TransformException as Exception, ConnectivityException, LookupException, ExtrapolationException   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_ros/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from tf2_py import *  
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_py/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from ._tf2 import * ImportError: dynamic module does not define module export function (PyInit__tf2) 
Traceback (most recent call last):   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/turtle_tf/turtle_tf_listener.py", line 37, in <module>     
        import tf   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf/__init__.py", line 28, in <module>     
        from tf2_ros import TransformException as Exception, ConnectivityException, LookupException, ExtrapolationException  
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_ros/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from tf2_py import *   
   File "/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/tf2_py/__init__.py", line 38, in <module>     
        from ._tf2 import * ImportError: dynamic module does not define module export function (PyInit__tf2) 

find by hard and thorough search

At the beginning, try the methods mentioned on the Internet, such as modifying the python version and soft link, and input on the terminal:

python --version

After getting python2.7, the running routine still reports an error, so I want to find the reason according to the error

Find the error report file from the first line of the error report:

/opt/ros/kinetic/lib/turtle_tf/turtle_tf_broadcaster.py

Turn on Turbo_ tf_ After editing the broadcast.py file, it is found that the first line of the file states:

#!/usr/bin/env python

Input in the terminal:

/usr/bin/env python

It shows the python version pointed by the python variable in the environment variable, which is different from the routine’s requirement of python2.7.

Problem solving: modify Python in environment variables

//Modify the priority of different python versions
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python python /usr/bin/python2 100
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python python /usr/bin/python3 150

//Manual priority selection
sudo update-alternatives --config python

*Remember to input “/ usr/bin/env Python” in the terminal to check whether the modification is successful.

After the modification is successful, run the routine again to see two little turtles. The little turtle at the bottom moves towards the little turtle at the center.


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